Catherine Bracy challenges our media driven image of hackers, "who they are and what they really do." She says that Benjamin Franklin could be viewed as the original American hacker.
What society thinks of as a hacker is really, in techno speak, called a "cracker."
A cracker is someone who breaks into someone else's computer system,
often on a network; bypasses passwords or licenses in computer programs;
or in other ways intentionally breaches computer security. A cracker
can be doing this for profit, maliciously, for some altruistic purpose
or cause, or because the challenge is there. Some breaking-and-entering
has been done ostensibly to point out weaknesses in a site's security
For a technical definition of hacker go HERE.